A. Unions were needed to guarantee a steady supply of workers.
B. Union membership was required for employment in new industries.
C. Factory owners set up labor unions in order to control their large workforce.
D. Unions organized industrial workers to protest unsafe working conditions and long workdays.
4. One effect of industrialization in the United States in the late 19th century was
A. a decrease in child labor.
B. an increase in the demand for handicraft goods.
C. a decrease in immigration to the United States.
D. an increase in urbanization.
5. During the Industrial revolution which major change in the economy of the United States was set in motion by the development of technological advances?
A. An increase of the portion of the work force engaged in manufacturing
B. A labor shortage due to a decreasing population
C. A shift from a free market economy to a command economy
D. A decreasing need for international trade agreement
6. Industrialization in the United States resulted in
A. Politics not being affected by the economic changes
B. Workers seeing no need to unite to form labor unions
C. The transformation from an urban to an agrarian society
D. The country becoming more urban than rural
7. In the late 19th century, farmers in the United States responded to the changing economy in which of the following political movements?
C. Civil Rights
8. During the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, Progressive reformers worked to influence the government to enact laws improving conditions brought on by industrialization. One law that was passed was the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act in 1916. Part of the act stated that following: That no producer, manufacturer, or dealer shall ship or deliver for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, an article or commodity the product of any mine or quarry situated in the United States, in which thirty days prior to the time of the removal of such product therefrom children under the age of sixteen years have been employed or permitted to work The excerpt could be used to support the thesis that:
A. Progressive reformers wanted to limit the number of hours children worked.
B. Progressive reformers wanted to end child labor altogether.
C. Progressive reformers wanted to ship products made by children overseas.
D. Progressive reformers wanted children to be allowed to work only in mines and quarries.
9. What problem arising from U.S. industrialization did the progressive reformers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries want the federal government to address?
A. use of child labor in the workplace
B. unfair taxes on the wealthy
C. restrictions on the use of natural resources
D. lack of capital for railroad expansion
10. As a result of industrialization in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, progressive reformers sought government regulation of business in order to
A. control economic cycles of inflation and recession.
B. provide money for public services such as schools and libraries.
C. restore competition by limiting the power of monopolies and trusts.
D. prevent companies from moving their factories to other countries.
11. Which was the first industry impacted by the Industrial Revolution?
B. Electrical Appliances
12. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 18th century as a result of technological innovations in the production of cotton cloth. Which major change in the economies of Europe and the United States was set in motion by this development?
A. an increasing portion of the work force engaged in manufacturing
B. labor shortages resulting from a decreasing population
C. a shift from free market systems to command economies
D. a decreasing need for international trade agreements
13. During the Industrial Revolution of the late 19th century, farmers in the United States worked to increase their land holdings and modernize their equipment. A lasting effect of these changes was
A. higher prices for crops.
B. increased rural population density.
C. a shortage of land for farming.
D. greater productivity of farming.
14. The appearance in many U.S. cities of department stores, organized sporting events, musical theaters and amusement parks in the last decades of the 19th century was evidence of what effect of industrialization?
A. improved living conditions on American farms
B. the growing power of unions to negotiate benefits for the members
C. government-sponsored programs to improve public health and education
D. an increase in the leisure time and disposable income of the urban middle class
15. Progressive reformers after 1900 sought federal legislation to regulate working conditions and to set a minimum age for child labor. The need for this legislation was prompted by
A. Civil War casualties leading to children taking the jobs of adults
B. Unions restricting membership to adult workers only
C. Industrialists using child labor to keep production cost low
D. Lack of job opportunities for children seeking after-school jobs
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