1. The Fauves, led by Matisse, made __________ the most important feature of their canvases.
B. composition C. texture
2. The exterior of Falling Water (Figure 32.23) suggests that the construction method includes
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A. Roman arch. B. cantilever.
C. gothic arch. D. moorish arch.
3. Einstein’s theory of relativity asserted that
A. in studying subatomic particles, time and space were relative. B. planetary movement could not be accurately calculated.
C. the earth’s rotational speed depended on the time year.
D. all of Galileo’s theories were inaccurate.
4. The American poet who exalted individualism in his lyric works by affirming that he took the road “less traveled” was
A. Ezra Pound. B. Carl Sandburg. C. Robert Frost. D. Walt Whitman.
5. Nonobjective art as practiced by Malevich, Kandinsky, and Mondrian eliminated __________ from art.
C. subject matter D. brushstrokes
6. The celebrated Les Demoiselles d’Avignon shocked observers because
A. it depicted women with unprecedented brutality. B. it portrayed nudity in exceptional detail.
C. its subjects wore Japanese warrior masks.
D. it featured unusual colors for skin tones.
7. The Italian art movement that emphasized the close relationship between science and art was
A. cubism. B. pointillism. C. futurism. D. scientism.
8. Le Corbusier (Figure 32.26). The apartment block in Marseilles is an example of this building method.
A. cantilever steel beam B. reinforced concrete C. post and lintel
D. steel cage
9. The most controversial ballet of the first half of the twentieth century was Stravinsky’s 1918 creation,
A. Pierrot lunaire.
B. Bluebeard’s Castle. C. The Rite of Spring. D. Salome.
10. Freud considered his work on __________ to be his most valuable contribution.
A. the Oedipus complex B. dreams
C. sexual preference
D. early childhood
11. According to Freud, the greatest block to civilization was
B. class division. C. totalitarianism. D. ignorance.
12. Included in the collective unconscious of Jungian theory were ALL BUT which one of these archetypes?
A. earth mother B. wise old man C. the garden D. older sister
13. Marcel Proust’s primary objective was to
A. depict an old man’s dreams.
B. analyze a mother–son relationship. C. rediscover a sense of the past.
D. assess the influence of the superego.
14. Influenced by Freudian theories, James Joyce employed a __________ technique in his novel
A. dream analysis
C. stream of consciousness D. symbolist
15. The American poet e. e. cummings sought to sharpen the focus of his poems by
A. convoluting syntax and word placement.
B. limiting the subject matter of his poetry.
C. accompanying his written work with drawings.
D. snipping words out of magazines and newspapers.
16. Expressionist artists created a style that featured
A. pastel colors.
B. huge patches of white. C. collage.
D. distorted forms.
17. According to Marcel Duchamp, the modern artist should be the
A. conscience of a society. B. destroyer of tradition. C. eyes of the people.
D. advocate for peace.
18. Of the human senses, the one Proust finds most powerful for unlocking long-lost memories is
B. smell/taste C. hearing
19. This fragment from James Joyce’s Ulysses: “Night sky moon, violet, color of Molly’s new garters” is reminiscent of the early twentieth-century school of poetry known as the
A. dadaists. B. romantics. C. imagists. D. surrealists.
20. The artistic movement in Dresden and Munich that came to be called German Expressionism was heavily influenced by the art of
A. Africa and Oceania.
B. the United States.
C. the classical eighteenth century. D. ancient Greece.
21. World War I, or the Great War of 1914, began in part because of
A. rivalry between France and England.
B. a system of defensive alliances among European states. C. a rebellion in Eastern Europe.
D. African demands for independence.
22. The “bible” of the Chinese Revolution was
A. Quotations from Chairman Mao B. Li Hua’s Roar!
C. Lenin’s State and Revolution D. Stalin’s Diary
23. Like Hemingway and Owen, the German novelist __________ was deeply affected by his personal war experience.
A. Heisenberg B. Remarque C. Fichte
24. The artistic style that portrayed social problems in an objective manner was called social
A. objectivity. B. realism.
C. determinism. D. relativism.
25. The bull and horse in Picasso’s Guernica may be regarded as a metaphor for
B. violent combat.
C. advanced technology.
D. bureaucratic incompetence.
26. For much of his music, Copland drew on
A. American folk songs.
B. Stravinksy’s ballets.
C. the twelve-tone system. D. wartime themes.
27. The artist who walked around the canvas while working in order to literally be “in” the painting was
A. Jackson Pollock.
B. Mark Rothko.
C. Helen Frankenthaler. D. Edward Hopper.
28. The creator of whimsical wire constructions or mobiles was
A. Edward Albee.
B. James Evans.
C. Collier Smith.
D. Alexander Calder.
29. The most celebrated existentialist film maker, who directed The Seventh Seal and Wild Strawberries, was
A. John Ford.
B. Mark Rothko.
C. Edward Hoffman. D. Ingmar Bergman.
30. A symbol of corporate wealth, skyscrapers designed in the __________ style embodied the spirit of the West in the late twentieth century.
A. functional B. international C. horizontal D. capitalistic
31. In writing music for twelve radios and twenty-four performers, John Cage was questioning the relationships between
A. traditional instruments.
B. artistic conception and execution. C. music education and genius.
D. symphony and conductor.
32. In Alice Walker’s short story, “Elethia”, “Uncle Albert” is
A. the owner of a restaurant.
B. the benefactor of poor, local blacks.
C. a totally fictional character.
D. the stereotypical equivalent of Aunt Jemima.
33. In his Message to the Grass Roots, Malcolm X focuses his audience’s attention on their “common enemy,” which is
A. the U.S. Constitution. B. Jim Crow laws.
C. the white man.
34. Ralph Ellison’s novel The Invisible Man referred to the invisibility of
A. the individual in mass society. B. blacks in a white world.
C. workers in a capitalist economy. D. city dwellers.
35. Jazz, which began in New Orleans, had its origins in ALL BUT which of the following?
A. African tribal dance
B. European marching bands C. ragtime
D. French art songs
36. In Latin America, the United States government has traditionally supported
A. ordinary farmers. B. the Church.
C. the economic elite. D. dissidents.
37. Native Son, an expression of African American’s defiance and despair, was written by
A. Langston Hughes. B. LeRoi Jones.
C. Richard Wright. D. Toni Morrison.
38. Throughout the centuries, three of the leading proponents of civil disobedience were Gandhi, Henry David Thoreau, and
A. Martin Luther King. B. Malcolm X.
C. Bloke Modisan.
D. Franz Fanon.
39. Jacques Ellul asserts that technology has created a “psychological collectivism” that has
A. made the world into a global village.
B. robbed humankind of freedom and self-esteem.
C. allowed archetypes to emerge from the human consciousness. D. enabled technocrats to replace philosophers.
40. Digital computers were first used widely in the
A. 1930s. B. 1950s. C. 1970s. D. 1990s.
41. Since the 1960s, postmodernism has featured all the following EXCEPT
B. a pastiche of styles from former eras. C. a taste for popular imagery.
D. a revival of the classical heritage.
42. Paz is representative of the postmodern poet’s concern with
B. language. C. race.
43. In Oates’ Ace, the main figure is characterized as a(n)
A. university student.
B. inveterate gambler.
C. disenchanted physician. D. overgrown boy.
44. Both string theory and chaos theory are concerned with
A. identifying the underlying patterns in nature. B. finding sources of electronic energy.
C. mapping the human cellular system.
D. uniting matter and spirit.
45. In Isabel Allende’s story “Two Words,” the surprising insight of Belisa Crepusculario into the situation of the Colonel is
A. that he will be the next president.
B. that he is afraid.
C. that he is lonely.
D. that, like her, he is of humble origins.
46. In Chinua Achebe’s Dead Man’s Path, the most important function of the footpath turns out to be
A. that it is the path of new life.
B. that it provides access to a source of water. C. that it leads to a burial ground.
D. that it is a shortcut to a main road.
47. The meaning of the African proverb, “let the hawk perch and let the eagle perch,” that best suits the situation in the story “Dead Man’s Path” is
A. the headmaster and his wife should both be respected.
B. the old ways of the village are superior to the modern ways of the headmaster. C. the village priest is opposed to the school regulations.
D. old and new regulations should be allowed to coexist.
48. Dillard suggests that nature is
A. unpredictable and inconsistent. B. violent and merciless.
C. comprehensible and transparent. D. peaceful and benevolent.
49. One of the principal influences on the rise of pop art was
A. language theory. B. computers.
C. mass advertising. D. digital imaging.
50. The technique that Warhol employed to achieve the commercial image was
A. silkscreen. B. lithograph. C. woodcut. D. engraving.
51. In the work of all “total art” it is true to say that
A. the final product is of ultimate importance. B. process is more important than product. C. aesthetic value is purely theatrical.
D. electronic documentation is essential.
52. Minimalist artists worked essentially out of an aesthetic inspired by
A. machine technology.
B. commercial advertising. C. computer digitization.
D. environmental concerns.
53. The Grand Castigation series of Wang Guangyi reflects the influence of
A. Maoist reform principles. B. pop art.
C. minimalist art.
54. Frank Gehry’s spectacular new Guggenheim Museum is located in
A. Washington, D. C. B. Paris, France.
C. Bilbao, Spain.
D. London, England.
55. The Japanese poetic form that has three lines and seventeen syllables is called __________. ________________________________________
56. The creator of The Rite of Spring, which would later be recognized as the “birth certificate of modern music,” was __________.
57. In the excerpt from Swann’s Way, Proust uses the technique of __________ to bring up memories related to petites madeleines, or cookies.
58. Freud divided the psyche into three parts, __________, __________, and __________. ________________________________________
59. The Swiss physician who affirmed the existence of a universal layer of unconscious life was __________.
60. The American who photographed the Migrant Mother, sometimes called the “Madonna of the Dustbowl,” was ______________________.
61. Known as the “dean of American music,” __________ joined regional themes with lyric harmonies.
62. One of the most moving testimonies to the Holocaust is the autobiographical Night by __________.
63. The Irish poet who despaired that the world was falling apart, “the center cannot hold,” was __________.
64. According to Sartre, individuals are defined by the __________ that they make. ________________________________________
65. Existentialists affirm that the sense of total responsibility for one’s destiny leads to a sense of __________.
66. The American artistic movement of the 1940s and 1950s that embodied the break with traditional, representational art was called __________.
67. The exploitation of Latin America by capitalist corporations is reflected in “The United Fruit Co.” by __________.
68. The search for African-American self-identity and the demands for equality led to a flowering of creative expression in New York City known as the __________.
69. The Feminine Mystique, which argued that the media, especially advertising, had brainwashed women into subordinate positions, was written by __________.
70. In her book The Second Sex, __________ analyzed the biological, political, and psychological reasons for women’s traditional dependence on men.
71. The belief that the Church should support the drive for socialism in Latin America is called __________ theology.
72. According to the text, __________ and __________ are two forms of technology that have altered many aspects of life in the late twentieth century.
73. The increase in carbon dioxide levels, which elevates the earth’s temperatures, is known as the __________.
74. The famous Bulgarian artist whose earth sculpture “fenced” terrain in California is __________. ________________________________________
75. The conceptual artist who broadcasts paradoxical and sometimes subversive messages on electronic billboards (e.g. “Lack of charisma can be fatal”) is ________________________.